EVALUASI PLASMA NUTFAH SERAI DAPUR

EVALUASI PLASMA NUTFAH SERAI DAPUR

D. Seswita, C. Syukur, N. Laela dan R. Heryanto

ABSTRAK

Evaluasi enam nomor harapan serai dapur (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.) dilakukan untuk mendapatkan varietas unggul yang berproduksi dan bermutu tinggi. Penelitian  dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan  Cimanggu, Cibinong, Kebun Percobaan Sukamulia dan Kebun Percobaan Cikampek. Perlakuan yang diuji terdiri dari 6 nomor yaitu Cyci 0003 (No.1); Cyci 0004 (No. 2); Cyci 0006 (No. 3); Cyci 0009 (No. 4); Cyci 0012 (No. 5) dan Cyci 0018 (No. 6). serta 1 nomor pembanding yaitu serai dapur lokal (No. 7). Penanaman dilakukan akhir November 2012. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan 4 ulangan. Jumlah tanaman perpetak 25 lobang. Setiap lobang terdiri dari 5 anakan dengan  jarak tanam 1 x 0,75 m. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap karakter morfologi antara lain laju pertumbuhan, jumlah anakan, tinggi tanaman, panjang daun, dan mutu minyak.  Panen dilakukan pada setiap umur 6 bulan, prosesing dan analisa fisika – kimia minyak dilakukan dilaboratorium Balittro. Hasil penelitiaan dari ke tiga lokasi pengujian, tinggi tanaman tertinggi diperoleh pada serai dapur nomor 7 di  KP.Sukamulya yaitu 85,35 cm yang tidak berbeda nyata dengan tinggi tanaman di KP Cikampek yang mencapai 83,50 cm pada umur 1 BST. Pertumbuhan di lokasi Cibinong kurang baik dari dua lokasi lainnya, hanya serai  dapur nomor 7 persentase tumbuhnya mencapai 100 %. Hal ini disebabkan serai nomor 7 telah beradaptasi sebelumnya di Cibinong karena nomor 7 telah diperbanyak di lokasi sebelumnya.

Kata kunci: serai dapur (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.), evaluasi, plasmanutfah

ABSTRACT

Evaluation of six numbers of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.) was conducted to obtain the superior varieties which  produce high production and  quality. This study was carried out in  Cibinong, Sukamulia and Cikampek experimental gardens. The treatment  tested consists of 6 promissing lines of lemongrass e.i : Cyci 0003 (No. 1); Cyci 0004 (No.  2); Cyci 0006 (No. 3); Cyci 0009 (No. 4); Cyci 0012 (No. 5) dan Cyci 0018 (No. 6). and 1 local number (No. 7), and planted on November 2012. The experiment was arranged by randomized block design with four replications. Number of plants per plot were 25 holes, each hole consists of 5 puppies with plant  spacing of 1,0 x 0.75 m. Data were collected for morphological characters such as growth rate, number of tillers, plant height, leaf length, and quality of oil. Harvesting is done at every  6 months, processing and analysis of physics – chemistry was conducted at laboratory.  Results showed that  plant growth were varied between the locations tested. The highest plant height obtained in lemongrass kitchen in Sukamulya experimental garden.The number 7 in 85.35 cm were not significantly different in plant height in  Cikampek which reached 83.50 BST cm at one month after planting. Plant Growth in Cibinong was not too good compare with the other locations. Only  the lemongrass  number 7 has the growth percentage reached 100%. This is due to the lemongrass number 7 has been adapted previously in Cibinong.

Keywords: Lemongrass, Cymbopogon citratus Stapf., evaluation, germplasm

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