FORMULA JAMU TERNAK PENINGKAT FERTILITAS SAPI JANTAN

FORMULA JAMU TERNAK PENINGKAT FERTILITAS SAPI JANTAN

 M. Januwati, B. Sofianna, M. Yusron, Mariyono, L. Affandhy, D. Ratnawati, dan B. Suryanto

ABSTRAK

Tanaman obat sudah lama digunakan oleh peternak di negeri China sebagi “feed additive” yang secara nyata dapat menurunkan pengaruh infeksi dan meningkatkan immunitas ternak. Namun, potensi tanaman obat untuk meningkatkan fertilitas pada ternak belum banyak diketahui. Dalam program nasional swa sembada daging sapi, salah satu program yang dilakukan adalah perbaikan varietas ternak melalui inseminasi buatan (IB) menggunakan semen sapi pedaging unggul. Tanamann obat purwoceng, pasakbumi, cabe jawa, lengkuas, dan temulawak yang telah digunakan sebagai aphrosidiaka untuk manusia, berpotensi digunakan sebagai jamu hewan untuk meningkatkan kuantitas dan kualitas semen sapi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan formula produk jamu ternak peningkat fertilitas sapi. Penelitian ini terdiri atas 2 kegiatan, yaitu (1) Teknik formulasi jamu ternak dalam bentk serbuk dan jamu, serta (2) Uji pengujian formula jamu pada sapi. Dibuat 4 (empat) formula serbuk, masing-masing terdiri dari temulawak, temu ireng, lengkuas, sambiloto, pasak bumi, purwoceng, dan cabe jawa (kombinasi bahan-bahan yaitu temu-temuan sejumlah 45%, sambiloto 10% dan ditambahkan bahan tanaman obat lain dari golongan aprosidiaka sehingga mencapai jumlah 100%). Kegiatan uji in vivo feeding trial menggunakan rancangan Acak Kelompok, 4 ulangan, dengan 6 perlakuan terdiri dari 4 formula Balittro + 1 formula kontrol positif (formula komersial) + 1 formula kontrol negatif. Formula jamu diberikan 3 kali/minggu dengan dosis sesuai bobot badan sapi. Formula kering dilarutkan 100-300 ml air, dan diberikan dengan dosis 10g/60 kg bobot sapi. Diberikan dengan cara dicekok. Parameter yang diamati adalah produksi semen, motilitas (aktivitas semen), konsentrasi dan prosentase semen hidup. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa telah dihasilkan empat formula serbuk jamu ternak peningkat fertilitas sapi dengan bahan baku terstandar temulawak, temu ireng, lengkuas diperoleh dari Sukabumi, sambiloto dari Sukoharjo, cabe jawa dari Pamekasan, sedang purwoceng dari Cianjur. Fermentasi dapat meningkatkan kandungan aktif sambiloto, tetapi fermentasi menurunkan kandungan bahan aktif temulawak, temuireng dan lengkuas. Oleh karena itu, dalam formulasi bahan baku hanya sambiloto yang difermentasikan. Hasil uji In vivo Feeding Trial dari empat formula, yaitu 2 formula dengan bahan tanpa fermentasi (Balittro-1 dan Balittro-2) dan 2 formula dengan bahan yang difermentasi (Balittro-3 dan Balittro-4). Pemberian formula jamu ternak tidak berpengaruh negative terhadap pertambahan bobot badan sapi jantan, malahan dapat meningkatkan produksi semen, konsentrasi semen, motilitas semen, dan jumlah semen hidup.  Formula Balittro-1 dan Balittro-2 dapat diunggulkan karena lebih efisien dan konsisten dalam perbaikan kualitas semen.

 

Kata kunci: Xanthorrizol, mycene, limonen, jamu ternak, fertilitas sapi

ABSTRACT

Medicinal crops have been known could become product of worthwhile jamu to increase body stimulator (promotive), prevention of diseases (preventive), healing of diseases (curatif) and as convalescence ( faliative). In China, breeder have been used traditional drug from medicinal crop for “feed additive”, manifestly could decreased influence of infection and directly influence mechanism of respon immunity. Exploiting of medicinal crops for the purpose of improvement of fertility at human being have old recognized, but not yet a lot done at livestock. In national program of self beef sufficiency, one of its program was done by through artifisual insemination program (IB). Increase of productivity of beef carcase done by through IB by using cow of pre-eminent carcase as male, to strive improve variety. Some medicinal crops as such as, purwoceng, pasakbumi, long piper, alpine galanga, curcuma of java have come to product aphrosidiaka for the human being. Utilize to improve efficacy IB, hence done by a crop aphrosidiaca exploiting in jamu formula for increasing of cow fertility, so that could improved quality and quantity of cement. The aim of this research were producted jamu formula of livestock for increasing cow fertility. This research were consisted of 2 activities, there were (1) Technique of jamu formularium for livestock base on medicinals crops for increasing cow fertility, consisted 2 sub activities were (1.1.) powder preparation, (1.2.) Formulation and (2) Test of in vivo feeding trial jamu formula for increasing of cow fertility. The first activity was powder raw material preparation, that are produced 4 dry powder formulas. Second activity, test of in vivo feeding trial jamu formula, and the treatments consisted of 4 formulas + 1 positive control formula (commercial formula) + 1 negative control formula. Jamu were given every day with dose  according to cow body wight, dissolved 100-300 ml water/day/tail (10g dry formula each, every 60 kgs cow weight ). The methode used RBD and 4 replications. The parameter were there were motility (cement activity), cement concentration, life-cement presentation. Result of research were indicate that standard raw materials of java curcuma, black curcuma, alpine galanga obtained from Sukabumi, king of bitter from Sukoharjo, long piper from Pamekasan, and purwoceng from Cianjur. Fermentation could increasing 2,3 time the quality of king of bitter, but not for java curcuma, black curcuma, languas. So that, the formula was used as fermentation only king of bitter. Four jamu formulas for increasing cow fertility were produced. Test actvity in vivo feeding trial sawed that jamu formulas could improved the cement quality and quantity. The Formulas Balittro 1-4 expresed good indicacy, there were increased motility (cement activity), cement concentration, life-cement presentation and cement productivity. Acording the concistency of response, the best formula were Formula Balittro 1 and Formula Balittro 2.

Keyword : Xanthorrizol, mycene, limonene , jamu formula, cow-fertility

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